Match each underlined word in the following passage
with a suitable definition from the list given below. Write the
word you choose for each item in the table provided.
A NEW AIR POLLUTION - FREE
Bangkok of the next decade could well be a city
without fresh air, a city where people live amid teeming congestion
and who queue for days so they can buy expensive canned oxygen.
Out on the streets everyone will be forced to wear masks which (1)
filter out the pollution.
It's frightening but potentially possible scenario
if Bangkok does not do something about its worsening traffic and
There are doubtless all sorts of costly and protracted
ways of fighting this problem, but a simple and traffic and pollution
problems. There are doubtless all sorts of costly and protracted
ways of fighting this problem, but a simple and relatively inexpensive
solution is to arrange for a green area where trees are planted
to help absorb chemicals such as carbon monoxide from the air and
recycle it as life-sustaining oxygen.
Benjasiri Park, a new public park in the city, should
be of some help in cleaning the air in Bangkok The park is located
on some 30 rai on Sukhumvit Road which formerly housed the Meteorology
Department. It was built by the Finance Ministry's Treasury Department
in collaboration with the private sector to present to Her Majesty
the Queen in celebration of Her Majesty's 60th birthday.
Benjasiri Park is a community park (2) Prior
to its construction, opinions were sought from nearby residents
on the best ways to create a park which satisfied the users' needs.
It was decided to divide the park into three areas.
The first area is around the entrance on Sukhumvit
Road, where a pond was built to replace a fence. There's a big lawn
in front for people to sit and relax. In the pond, there's a "jumping
fountain", the first of its kind in Thailand, which alternates the
flow of water both up and down. On the surrounding lawns are two
Chalerm Phra Kiat Pavilions built in the beautiful traditional Thai
architectural style. The pavilions are equipped with modern facilities
for (3) displaying an exhibition
on Her Majesty the Queen's life and work. The construction of the
pavilions was funded by The Shell Company of Thailand Limited.
The most outstanding feature of Benjasiri Park is
a (4) prominent sculpture of a Symbolic
Coin in honour of Her Majesty. It's largest coin in the world, made
of bronze gilded with gold paste, featuring a full- length portrait
of Her Majesty. The coin measures three metres in diameter, is 0.24
metres thick and weights 4,000 kilogrammes. There are also 12 other
fine sculptures form 12 leading artists on display around the park.
The second part is an open lawn in the middle of
the park for people to exercise or hold shows and contests. Here,
a second large pond helps absorb rain water as a way for (5) remedying
one of Bangkok's other chronic problems - the annual flooding.
The third part is a community service area, located
at the back and around the park. It consists of various sports facilities
including a health park, ta-kraw, volleyball and basketball courts
- two of each, a skating rink, concert stadium, separate playgrounds
for young and older children and, most special of all, a swimming
pool for the children. The swimming pool was built at the request
of the public since there is no public swimming pool available for
children in the area. Toward the back, a parking lot has been provided
for park users. There are also two pedestrian bridges so people
can cross the busy Sukhumvit Road to get to the park.
Benjasiri Park is certainly a special (6) treat
for Bangkokians, a new large air pollution-free zone in the central
city, a place where Bangkokians can breathe fresh air and quiet
retreat in which to relax, both physically and mentally, from the
work and other stresses which imprison the life of city dwellers.
List of possible definitions
|Word from Passage
|1. filter out
Read the following passage and look at the table
and diagram which follow it. Complete the table by writing short
labels for the diagram.
Gold, a precious metal, is prized for two important
characteristics. First of all, gold has a lustrous beauty that is
resistant to corrosion. Therefore, it is suitable for jewelry, coins,
and ornamental purposes. Gold never needs to be polished and will
remain beautiful forever. For example, a Macedonian coin remains
as untarnished today as the day it was minted twenty - three centuries
ago. Another important characteristic of gold is its usefulness
to industry and science. For many years, it has been used in hundreds
of industrial applications. The most recent use of gold is in astronauts'
suits. Astronauts wear gold-plated heat shields for protection outside
the spaceship. In conclusion, gold is treasured not only for its
beauty, but also for its utility.
Use the information in the following text to answer
the questions which follow it. Write your answers in the space provided.
If you are looking or a place a little more remote,
where nature offers the simple pleasures of sun, unpolluted beautiful
rivers, high mountains, wonderful caves, wild animals, waterfalls
and the precious blue-sapphire the answer lies in this town ...
Kanchanaburi is one of the most beautiful provinces
of Thailand, with a delightful landscape. It is already well known
among War-historians and movie-buffs as the site of the notorious
"Death Railway" and the "Bridge over the River Khwae" and among
archaeologists of its Neolithic burial grounds. Yet, the province
also has numerous other places of interest for the nature loving
visitor who wants to spend longer.
Kanchanaburi is about 128 kilometers west of Bangkok
approximately 2 1/2 hours ride by care over a good road.
The town of Kanchanaburi is located at the point
where two tributaries, the Khwae Noi and Khwae Yai (which have their
source in the Ta-Nao-Si Range) meet and form the Mae-Klong River.
The famous Bridge over the River Khwae, the Death
Railway, the Neolithic burial site at Ban-Kao (พิพิธภัณฑ์บ้านเก่า)
and several of the area's other attractions are all situated along
these river banks.
The present provincial capital is a relatively
new town built by King Rama III in 1833. The old town was 18 kilometers
away. On reaching Kanchanaburi a visitor should first stop at the
"TOURISM AUTHORITY OF THAILAND" local office on Saeng-Chuto Road
near the Bus Station to collect maps, folders and any other useful
information before starting out on a program of sight-seeing.
Probably, the best known of Kanchanaburi's tourist-attractions
is the Bridge over the River Khwae made famous by the movie of the
same name; the Death Railway and the War Cemetery ..... all of which
are reminders of one of the darkest periods of World War II. But
among Thais, it is widely known for its natural beauties such as
Erawan National Park, Sai-Yok National Park and La-Wa Cave.
1. The writer mentions 4 groups of people who will
find Kanchanaburi particularly interesting. Two groups are people
interested in ancient history or films. What are the interests of
the other two groups?
2. The Mac-Klong River at Kanchanaburi consists
of two smaller rivers. Where do these rivers start?
3. Before visiting places of interest where should
a tourist go?
4. Kanchanaburi is especially famous abroad for
its places of interest connected with the Second World War. What
is it also famous for in Thailand?
Read the following passage and then circle the best
alternative for each question.
approximately 120 years, bottles containing high quality wines
have had a protective top capsule of "tin-lead" applied as a
closure around the cork. The tin-lead foil actually comprises
a thin layer of lead sandwiched between much thinner layers
of tin roll-bonded to both sides. The purpose of the tin coating
is to prevent contact between the lead and the wine, and to
provide a good surface for high quality decoration, including
printing and embossing.
The "feel" of the capsule to the touch and the way in which
it tears away from the bottle, are important
factors conveying a quality image of the product to the consumer,
and in this regard, the tin-lead capsule has always been used
for the best quality wines, the "grand crus" and "vins d'
origine controlee", all over the world: in Europe, California,
Australia, South Africa, and even China. They are also used
for high- class spirits such as single-malt whiskies, also
champagnes and port, in order to enhance the "premium" image.
The other principal capsule materials employed are aluminum
and plastics (PVC), usually for the cheaper products.
The fitting of a capsule over a corked bottle is not merely
a question of decoration or image, however. There is also
the practical purpose of protecting the cork from mould growth,
worms, etc., and acting as an additional barrier to oxygen
ingress and spoilage of the contents. This particularly applies,
of course, to top quality wines which
may be stored for many years before being consumed. The capsule
also acts as a tamper-evident seal, considered increasingly
important these days in many forms of packaging.
In recent years there has been concern expressed in various
countries about the use of lead in capsules because of its
known toxic effects. Contamination of wine by lead is known
to sometimes occur as a result of capsule
corrosion and the formation of soluble lead salts; this may
have various causes, including tin coatings of inadequate
thickness that are discontinuous to become disrupted.
More generally, the disposal of lead-based capsules represents
an unavoidable burden of a toxic metal into the waste system.
As a result of these concerns, there are now moves to phase
out the use of lead-based capsules. In September 1990, the
Office International de la Vinge et du Vin (O.I.V.), an intergovernmental
organization representing 33 countries, adopted a resolution
which states in part:
"In its will to be associated with measures taken in the world
to protect the environment (the O.I.V.) is against the use
of capsules containing lead for the closure of wine bottles
and other win products. Taking into
account technical constraints, (the O.I.V.) recommends state
members to ban the sale of bottles with tin-lead capsules
from December 31, 1993, this rule not applying to bottles
closed before this date."
The immediate response of major producers to the above regulations
was to try to develop a tin product as direct substitute for
the tin-lead one, because the "warm" feel and properties of
the tin capsule closely resemble that of the tin-lead material,
and hence it is felt to be the most suitable product for high-
quality wines and spirits. It also
has various other advantages:
(a) Tin is universally recognised as a non-toxic metal, and
does not present a hazard to the waste stream.
(b) It has always been associated with quality
in Europe, particularly in the form of pewter ware which has
been in use for hundreds of years and continues to be much
(c) It is
easily adapted to the existing capsule-forming technology,
and forms an attractive product that takes high quality printing
(d) It has an agreeable feel to the touch
and can be easily opened without risk of cutting the fingers.
The current consumption of tin-lead bottle capsules is estimated
to be 2,000 million, this representing
probably under one-quarter of the total consumed, the remainder
being divided about equally between aluminum and plastic capsules.
The weight of a typical tin capsule is about 5 grammes (half
that of the lead-based product, which typically contains only
1.5% tin by weight), and thus if all consumers of the traditional
tin-lead capsule switched to tin-lead capsule switched to
tin, it would represent a substantial new market of some 10,000
tonnes/years of tin.
However, the relative costs of the different materials make
a 100% substitution unlikely, since the tin capsule is at
present more costly than the tin-lead type, while the aluminum
and plastic alternatives are cheaper than
either. While a proportion of the current
tin-lead market may opt for the lease costly alternatives,
it has nevertheless already been demonstrated that a substantial
number of producers of premium wines will demand the tin production
order to maintain their
quality image; from an objective viewpoint, a tin capsule
cost of about 2.5 pence (or Us. 5 cents) is a very small proportion
of the retail cost of quality wine, and can be considered
a worthwhile investment for its marketability.
หมายเลขของ line ที่นี้อาจจะไม่ตรงกับ
line จริงในหน้าจอของท่าน ขึ้นนอยู่กับขนาดตัวหนังสือและหน้าจอที่ท่่านเปิดอ่าน
Questions 1 - 3 : Reference
1. The word "it"
in line 7 refers to the
2. The world "either"
in line 61 refers to
a. thin or tin-lead capsules.
b. plastic or aluminum capsules.
c. aluminum or tin capsules.
d. tin-lead or plastic capsules.
3. The word "their"
in line 64 refers to
a. tin-only capsules.
b. good quality wines.
c. wine producers.
d. tin-lead capsules.
Questions 4 - 6 : Comprehension
4. Which of the following is not a purpose of a
a. It helps to prevent the wine being contaminated
b. It shows the customer that the product is in perfect condition.
c. It prevents the wine coming out of the bottle.
d. It makes the customer feel the wine is of high quality.
5. Which one of the following statements concerning
the tin-only capsule is not true?
a. It has no lead which could spoil the wine.
b. It will not pollute the environment when it is thrown away.
c. It is easy to manufacture.
d. It is cheaper than the tin-lead capsule.
6. At the moment the number of plastic capsules
sold is :
a. Less than the number of tin-lead capsules.
b. Less than the number of tin-only capsules.
c. More than the number of tin-lead and aluminum capsules.
d. More than the number of tin-lead capsules.